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26-09-2014 10:16
Doomwatch is the best show around

31-05-2014 09:13
Missed you this week.. Happy Birthday Alex for Sunday. you misunderstood my text last week as I meanth a local broadcast audience. ie Local Bar or suchlike

04-11-2013 00:50
Fantastic first show Alex and great to hear Patrick Henningsen again

03-04-2013 21:37
Good guest this week. When is someone going to knock on the Royals' door???

20-03-2013 21:40
pass the parcel lol

Doomwatch 36 - Marcus Allen (Nexus magazine) - Problems with Moon Technology

Doomwatch 36 - Marcus Allen (Nexus magazine) - Problems with Moon Technology

Friday 1 August 2014, 6.00pm-8.00pm UK on Peterborough FM - You are invited to join host alex:g, Text Jockey Lexy Manning, and Voice of the Visuals Tom Mutiny for the 36th edition of the radio show DOOMWATCH.

UK publisher of Nexus magazine, Marcus Allen, joins us the day after the latest issue goes on-sale, containing an article called "NASA unable to recreate Apollo technologies: will we ever return to the Moon?", which will be the centre of our discussions.

As a taster, here's the overview text for the article: "NASA documents on the now-defunct Constellation Program for a return to the Moon by 2020 reveal startling evidence that the agency is still actually unable to send a manned mission to the Moon. It's as if nothing has been learned from the Apollo missions, and, until recently, criticism was taboo."

PLEASE NOTE: Due to action by ATVOD, the 'Authority' for Television On Demand services in the UK, DOOMWATCH can only be watched in sound and vision LIVE by visiting www.ukcolumn.org/live.

Also on the show, Dr Graham Downing joins us for an update on the Ebola epidemic, and the fact that it can be treated very successfully without the use of vaccines, and alex:g relates about his day in prison, visiting child abuse whistleblower Melanie Shaw.

SLS (Space Launch System) - NASA Begins Engine Test Project for Space Launch System Rocket

Engineers have taken a crucial step in preparing to test parts of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket that will send humans to new destinations in the solar system. They installed on Thursday an RS-25 engine on the A-1 Test Stand at the agency's Stennis Space Center near Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. The Stennis team will perform developmental and flight certification testing of the RS-25 engine, a modified version of the space shuttle main engine that powered missions into space from 1981 to 2011.  The SLS's core stage will be powered by a configuration of four RS-25 engines, like the one recently installed on the A-1 stand.




Orion –  Simulation Practices First Flight of New Orion Program

In just a matter of months, NASA will send a new spacecraft into space for the first time. And back here on the ground, the Mission Control Center in Houston will be at the helm.

“It’s the first flight of a brand new program,” said Mike Sarafin, lead flight director for Orion’s Exploration Flight Test-1 (EFT-1). “There’s been a lot of testing done on the ground, but we’re going to really, no kidding, prove that this thing can fly.”

It’s a milestone for which Sarafin’s flight control team of about two dozen people has been preparing for two years, and this week they participated in their first joint integrated simulation, along with the Mission Management Team, the Test and Launch Control Center and the Engineering Support Team, all located in at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Covering the pre-launch and in-orbit phases of Orion’s mission, the teams had to deal with the kinds of problems that could require real-time decisions before and during the actual mission.

With no crew aboard Orion for the first two missions, flight controllers will serve as the eyes and ears monitoring the health and status of the spacecraft. If something goes wrong, it will be up to them to fix it. That’s not exactly a new concept for the team members, all of whom have experience at space shuttle flight control consoles under their belt. Skills such as understanding a failure, its impact and its workaround are talents that are bred into flight controllers at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston.






NASA moves to protect whistleblowers

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is looking to protect whistleblowers at NASA contractors and subcontractors who shine a light on corporate corruption. Government contractors will not be allowed to fire, demote or otherwise discipline employees who blow the whistle on their own companies for abusing their authority by mismanaging a NASA contract, wasting NASA funds, or endangering public health or safety, the agency said Monday.

"Such reprisal is prohibited even if it is undertaken at the request of an executive branch official," NASA wrote in the Federal Register. These government contractor employees would be allowed to disclose evidence and allegations of illegal activities at their companies to NASA's inspector general, members of Congress, the Government Accountability Office, the Justice Department, and a court or grand jury.

However, these protections would not apply to government contractor employees who disclose intelligence information, such as Edward Snowden. The whistleblower protections go into effect immediately.



Melanie Shaw – A Prison visit

Brian Gerrish of the UK Column and alex:g of Doomwatch went to visit Melanie Shaw in Peterborough prison.  In this edition, alex:g will detail what it’s like to get into prison...



 Infected Ebola patient being flown to Atlanta: Are health authorities risking a U.S. outbreak?

(Natural News) - "Emory University Hospital in Atlanta is set to receive a patient infected with the deadly Ebola disease currently sweeping through swaths of west Africa," the Guardian reports. The patient is reportedly one of the American doctors who was recently infected with the disease. This event will make the first time in history that a level-4 biohazard infectious agent is being transported by air into a large U.S. city while still multiplying inside a living patient. This startling revelation brings up all sorts of questions that range from the gullibly hopeful to the impossibly sinister.

You must ask - at what risk? Isn't transporting an infected patient by air, even in a private aircraft, just begging for a pandemic outbreak across the United States? Doesn't this risk the lives of 300 million people?



Ebola cures: Chinese medicine, western herbs, sanitizing chemicals and immune boosting strategies

To understand Ebola prevention, you first need to understand how it spreads. Ebola is a level-4 biohazard virus. It spreads so easily and quickly that even well-trained doctors wearing protecting masks and gloves keep getting infected from nearby patients. An Ebola infection only requires a single viral organism to enter your body, usually through your mouth or eyes. A person who rubs their eyes with their finger can instantly cause an Ebola infection of a single virus was resting on their finger.

Ebola can spread through "aerosols," meaning liquid particles suspended in the air. When a person infected with Ebola sneezes, vomits or coughs, they can create Ebola aerosols. "1 - 10 aerosolized organisms are sufficient to cause infection in humans," explains the Public Health Agency of Canada. This is how Ebola becomes "airborne" even when it is not traditionally categorized as an airborne disease. Sanitizing surfaces is a significant part of any defence against Ebola infections. It is well established that Ebola can be killed with sodium hypochlorite, also known as bleach. It's also killed with methyl alcohol, Triton X-100 (a cleaning agent I use in the lab), and UV radiation.

This means sunlight kills Ebola, which is probably why you don't find much Ebola in the deserts of the world. The pathogen tends to come out of humid jungle areas that are dark and damp. If it were to invade the USA, it would be far more "successful" in places like Florida and Louisiana where heat and humidity are commonplace.

China has over 5,000 years of experience dealing with plagues and pestilence. During one of the most devastating infectious disease wipe-outs in history, a Chinese Medicine doctor named Sun Simiao conducted pioneering medical research that predated modern western medicine by millennia. The "blood heat" formula based on his pioneering work in herbal medicine is called "Xi Jiao Di Huang Tang." The herbal ingredients in this formula are:

  • Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)
  • Xi Jiao (traditionally made from rhino horn, but is now replaced with buffalo horn)
  • Chi Shao (red peony root)
  • Mu Dan Pi (moutan root bark)

People with suppressed immune systems seem to be especially vulnerable to Ebola, so one of the most obvious defensive strategies is to support your immune function with the following nutritional supplements:

  • Vitamin D (which is well known to function as an antiviral medicine)
  • Zinc (helps your immune system resist infections)
  • Selenium (also boosts immune function)
  • Vitamin C (full spectrum source, from plants if possible)



The Apollo Moon Landings 1969-1972.  Fact or Fiction?

Man has landed on the Moon!  We have seen it on TV, looked at the pictures, listened to the interviews and read the books.  So, how can it not be true? We all want it to be true.  It is said to be the greatest scientific achievement of the past 100 years.  It has been voted  top TV moment of the 20th century;  It would be if it had all happened the way we have been shown.  But did it?  Or has NASA yet again lived up to its other name - Never A Straight Answer?

The Apollo Moon Landings took place 45 years ago.  The world has moved on to other matters, and the emotion of the event has dimmed.  Now it can be examined in detail.  There are many anomalies in the photographs and the films.  There are many unanswered questions as to how men could survive the very real dangers of the vacuum of space.

  • How were the acknowledged dangers of radiation in space overcome, when no protection was built in to the Apollo space craft, the spacesuits or the Hasselblad cameras used on the Moon?
  • The Lunar Landers sat on the Moon's surface for up to 72 hours, in direct sunlight, the temperature of which, on the Moon, is higher than the boiling point of water (100degC/212degF).  How did the astronauts keep cool?
  • How were such great photographs taken on the Lunar surface?  The astronauts used cameras which had no viewfinder, no exposure meter, no means of knowing if a picture had been taken, as well as manual control of focussing, aperture setting and shutter speed dials.  The Apollo Astronauts were operating the Hasselblad cameras while wearing spacesuits, with what were, in effect, heavy duty gardening gloves on their hands.  Under such severe restrictions how did they still produce such professional results?

NASA is the only source for all the evidence of man's landing on the Moon. Much of it is so questionable I contend that it could not have happened the way we have been led to believe it did:  At worst the whole Apollo mission could have been fabricated, at best we have been seriously misled as to man's ability to survive more than a few hundred miles above earth's surface.  Could this be the reason there are now no plans to return any astronauts to the Moon?


Marcus Allen - Biography

Marcus Allen is the UK publisher of Nexus Magazine, which he introduced to the UK in 1994.  Nexus is the world's leading alternative news magazine, originating from Australia, and sold in over 100 countries.  He is now able to pursue his life-long interest in The Unexplained, on a full time basis.  The Moon Landings are just one of the many 'taboo' subjects he has investigated, around which new questions arise that have yet to be adequately answered.

Marcus has appeared on several TV programmes to discuss the Apollo Moon Landing controversy:  BBC - The One Show and The Clarkson Show; Channel 4 - The Big Breakfast; Channel 5;  Sky News;  Sci Fi and Discovery Channels;  Edge Media, as well as numerous national and  local radio shows in Britain, and in the USA, on Coast to Coast AM. He has also given many public presentations throughout Britain and Europe, and one in Kathmandu, Nepal...


Apollo Moon Hoax Summary - by Marcus Allen

It is in the details of NASA's evidence for the Apollo landings that the doubts begin to accumulate. Initially it is necessary to outline what is not in doubt. The Apollo programme (1961-1972) must also be viewed in the context of its time.  The 1960s were a period of great upheaval: political assassinations, student riots, the height of the Cold War and the Space Race.  The Vietnam War was also becoming very unpleasant.

In the so-called Space Race The USA had been beaten to every major space first by the Russians - first satellite into earth orbit, first Man, Woman and dog into orbit and first satellites to the Moon, Mars and Venus.

America considers it does not have the option of coming second to anyone, hence the dramatic statement issued by President John Kennedy, during his address to the joint houses of Congress on 25th May 1961, to 'land a man on the Moon before the decade is out and return him safely to the Earth'.  At the time JFK made this statement no American had even been into orbit, yet now there was a timetable in place for his formidable challenge to be completed.  Yuri Gagarin had successfully orbited 6 weeks earlier, on 12th April.  That was the real catalyst for the USA to aim for the Moon.

Astronauts from the Mercury and Gemini programmes have been sent into earth orbit since John Glenn in 1962.  Similarly Russian cosmonauts spent many months in extended earth orbit. Earth orbit is around 250 miles above the surface but all flights and experiments are conducted well below the two Van Allen radiation belts.  (There is a third belt now which was created by the extensive nuclear tests known as Operation Starfish Prime, carried out by the USA in late 1962 at a height of 250 miles above Johnston Island in the Pacific.  The largest was 1.4 Mton.  The USSR also conducted many tests at a similar height over Siberia).

The reported figure of 400,000 people who worked on the Apollo programme were doing the very best job they could.  They were trying to fulfil their, by then, dead President's challenge of 'to landing a man on the Moon before the decade is out and returning him safely to the Earth' (JFK, May 1961). They were building the best rockets, landers, space suits, rovers, control centres, engines and all the many thousands of items needed for a Moon landing.  All these are real and could do the job they were designed to do - to the extent that anyone understood the conditions they were intended to operate under.

Getting to the Moon was not the problem, it was getting astronauts back alive that was the difficult part. The Saturn V rocket was allegedly powerful enough to launch a 50 ton payload into lunar orbit.  The launch of each Saturn V was observed by millions of spectators.  Those launches were real as were the 3 astronauts strapped into their CSM (Command and Service Module) on the top of the rocket.  The recovery operation when the Apollo module descended on its three parachutes into the Pacific was also as recorded. For everything that occurred between launch and splashdown we have to rely on the word of NASA.

The original unmanned craft sent to survey the Moon: the Ranger, Surveyor and Orbiter craft did what was reported.  Incidentally the Orbiter craft carried cameras capable of resolving objects on the lunar surface down to 3 feet across, and this in 1966.  The Clementine satellite launched in 1994 could only record objects of 'half a kilometre' on the Moon. The Space Shuttle and the International Space Station are for real as are all the reports about their flights and construction.  I watched the Space Station orbit over the UK recently. In no particular order the following could be considered some of the doubts:


1. The photographs and cameras.

Many photographs were published and distributed by NASA as evidence for the Apollo programme in the late 1960s.  Given the extreme conditions we know they were supposedly taken under they are very good pictures indeed.  As such they could be considered excellent PR material for NASA to promote their space exploration programme to the US public who, through Congress, were paying for it all.  But were they actually taken on the lunar surface?

It is important here to know the ability of Kodak Ektachrome film to record detail in shadow areas while at the same time recording detail in the highlights.  The accepted exposure range for this film is less than 1 aperture stop.

The very harsh lighting on the Moon, being from the Sun and unfiltered by any atmosphere, also produces very black shadow areas.  On earth, photographers need 'fill in flash' to record shadow detail.  On the Moon this requirement would be even more a necessity, but no additional lighting nor reflectors were carried on Apollo.  To then say that the reflection from the 'special lunar surface' is sufficient to 'fill in' does not stand up to scrutiny.  There is an observable inconsistency in the amount of 'fill in' seen in different photographs.  Some have dense black shadows on the LM and other objects and some have well 'filled in' shadow areas.

In the book Full Moon, by Michael Light and Andrew Chaikin, on page 51 there is a picture of the Apollo 14 lander, Antares.  It is taken with the camera pointed straight into the Sun yet the shadow side of the craft is fully illuminated and the directly lit area of lunar surface around the lander is not overexposed.  Note also the 'jerry can' like object on the ground under the lander which is well illuminated and has a highlight of light on it.  The shadow of the lander extends for about 70 feet from the craft and is solid black with nothing visible in it at all.  Other than a light source or reflector near the camera position I cannot understand how this picture could have been taken to show all the detail visible.

Just a brief reference to the odd direction shadows on the Moon sometimes take:  In Full Moon, on page 45, there is a picture taken by Jack Schmitt (A17) showing his own shadow as well as that of a small rock to his right.  The shadow of the rock appears to be at right angles to Jack's shadow.  Assuming it to be illuminated by the single source of the Sun both shadows should be nearly parallel.  Here they are not.  It is baffling.

I contend that the photographs, supposedly taken on the lunar surface, were in fact professionally taken by NASA employees under a controlled environment on earth, to simulate the conditions assumed to exist on the Moon.  Most likely they were taken during the extensive training and simulation exercises known to have been carried out, quite openly, at several sites across the USA.

The cameras used were all Hasselblad 500EL (electric motor drive) made and modified to NASA's requirements by Hasselblad of Sweden.  They had no viewfinder, no exposure meter, manual setting of the focus, shutter and aperture rings, a shutter button on the front of the camera body not visible from inside a space helmet, and no visible nor audible means of knowing whether a picture had actually been taken. The small film counter, measuring about 1 cm in diameter, being on the side of the magazine could also not be seen from inside the helmet.  This camera was operated by astronauts on the lunar surface wearing a full space suit with what were, in effect, armoured gauntlets pressurised at 5 psi in the vacuum of space.

Hasselblad UK have a replica of the Apollo Lunar camera at their HQ in London.  I have handled this camera several times.  I have also used a regular Hasselblad camera.  At the best of times they are not easy to control, but when mounted on a chest support this would be even more of a problem.  Yet the pictures supposedly taken with all these limitations of use, under what were the very adverse conditions on the Moon, are some of the defining images of the 20th Century.  

Correctly exposed, accurately focussed, well composed and no heads cut off.  There are even several panoramas which overlap by just the right amount.  This is very hard to achieve without a viewfinder to check the overlap. The known limitations of the Apollo cameras mitigate against the excellent results obtained with them.

The film used for the still images was Kodak Ektachrome transparency 160 ISO film. The originals are stored in vaults at Houston.  They were duplicated once.  Every Apollo picture we have seen is taken from those duplicates.  No-one, including Michael Light for his book Full Moon, has seen let alone handled the originals.

The Hasselblad cameras all had a glass screen built into the camera body with 25 crosshairs etched onto it.  The centre cross-hair was always the largest and shows the centre of the picture. On the famous picture showing Aldrin as 'Man on the Moon',  the large cross-hair is below his right knee and well below the center of the picture.  It is only when you look at a duplicated image supposedly showing the whole film area from the original that you see the picture appears to have been cropped before it was duplicated.  But this should not have happened if the duplicates were exact copies of the original.

The temperature range on the Moon of +120 deg C to -100 deg C would cause severe damage to any film as well as causing the batteries, powering the motor-drive in each camera, to lose charge very rapidly.


2. Radiation.

All radiation in space is produced by the Sun.  Up to and including X- rays and Gamma rays.  The Sun also throws out flares at unpredictable intervals and strengths.  Due to the protection offered by the Van Allen radiation belts which are held in place by the Earths' magnetic field, and stretch from 500 to 40,000+ miles above the Earth’s surface, we humans can live in reasonable comfort and safety.  So long as we dont spend too long soaking up the rays...

Beyond the Van Allen belts humans are exposed to the full gamut of the Sun's energies, and so would require some form of protection to survive.  Lead is particularly good for this.  No lead shielding was carried on Apollo, so how were 27 astronauts able to survive safely a journey of several days to and from the Moon?  To my knowledge none have suffered from any form of radiation induced illness.

Logically their space suits would offer protection when the astronauts were on the lunar surface.  I contacted the manufacturers of the space suits, a company called Hamilton Standard, and asked them what protection against radiation was offered.  I also asked them, in view of the obvious success these suits had in keeping the astronauts alive, could the same suits be used by technicians to go into Chernobyl or Three Mile Island nuclear reactors and clean up the mess?  They said this would not be advisable in view of the fact that no radiation protection was built into the suits.  They were made according to the specification submitted by NASA and I should direct my query to NASA.  No reply.

All photographic film is fogged by exposure to radiation.  A few years ago when passing through airport X-ray machines it was always advised that film be hand searched and not put through the machines due to the dangers of fogging.

In 2002 the producers of the new IMax film, about the construction of the Space Station, recounted how their cameras with the 70 mm film canisters attached were taken up in the Space Shuttle then passed to the astronauts who were to do the actual filming for the 2 minutes allowed in each magazine.  The camera had to be passed back to the Shuttle as soon as possible, 'for protection against the dangers of radiation'.  They were stored amongst the water containers, which does offer some protection from radiation. All this was of course happening below the Van Allen belts.

The Hasselblad cameras used on Apollo also carried 70 mm roll film in their 120 exposure magazines.  There was no radiation protection possible on these cameras, nor on the magazines.  All radiation is contained in the electromagnetic spectrum and so it would enter the camera through the lens whenever a picture was taken.  Yet none of the many thousands of photographs supposedly taken on the lunar surface show any deterioration or damage due to radiation.  All these pictures were taken beyond any protection offered by the Van Allen belts around earth and had been carried unprotected in the LM (Lunar Module) to and from the Moon.

The Russians had told Bernard Lovell, (A well known UK astronomer) who had tracked many of their craft in the 1960s, using the Jodrell Bank radio telescope, that they would not be sending any cosmonauts to the Moon until they could, 'ensure their protection from the dangers of radiation in space'.

It would be reasonable to assume that both NASA and the Russians would have conducted extensive testing to establish the dangers and levels of radiation in the Van Allen belts and beyond, possible using monkeys, dogs or other animals as well as launching Geiger counters. I cannot find any reports which indicate that this had happened before humans were sent to the Moon in 1968 on Apollo 8.

In April 2002 the new head of NASA, Sean O'Keefe, stated that one of the two major objectives of his term in office was to research the dangers of solar radiation in space to ensure the survival of humans traveling beyond earth.  This appears to be a retrograde step if at the time of Apollo it really was so easy to go to and from the Moon 'in the shirt sleeve environment' of the CSM, which also had no protection against the more lethal emissions of radiation and flares from the Sun.  During the time Apollo 16 was traveling to the Moon several flares were recorded, certainly powerful enough to have adversely affected unprotected humans.


3. Temperature.

Space has no temperature until there is something in space, such as a spacecraft, to be affected by the radiant energy of the Sun.  The reports from Apollo 11 that it was, 'too cold to sleep' indicates that space is cold.  Yet the Apollo 11 LM on the lunar surface was exposed to the full energy of the Sun for 22 hours, and during the time Armstrong and Aldrin were inside the LM they were in a breathable atmosphere at 5psi.  Have you tried getting back into your car when it has been parked in the sun during a hot summer day for a few hours? The interior will be almost too hot to touch.

The LM only had a thin skin of aluminium yet was cold, but reports from Sky-lab in the early 1970s showed that it overheated severely, despite spending half its time in the cold of the Earth's shadow. These reported variations do not make sense.

When walking on the Lunar surface astronauts wore a PLSS (Personal Life Support System) which contained all their life support systems and allowed them to be independent of the LM.  It included the means to keep them cool. This used a system of circulating water in pipes around their body. How was the heat then removed from the backpack?  

One answer could be the explosive decompression of water by venting it into the vacuum of space.  This would have produced a very photogenic image around the astronaut, but no such image exists that I can find.

Because space is a vacuum, it is also a very good insulator.  The internal heat generated by the astronauts just walking around as well as the radiant energy of the Sun on their suits would very soon cause them to become distressed.  If water was used to keep them cool it is possible to calculate the volume required to remove a given amount of heat in order to maintain a reasonable temperature of 80F inside the space suit.  The PLSS carried at most 3 litres which would be sufficient for about 20 minutes EVA (Extra Vehicular Activity - Moon Walk).  Not the 7 hours we were told Apollo 17 astronauts spent on the lunar surface before returning to the LM.


4. Sound.

A very well known commentary is that provided by Armstrong and Aldrin as they landed their LM, the Eagle.  You can hear virtually every word both men speak.  Up to this point no one, including Armstrong, had ever successfully flown and let alone landed the LM.  Yet here they  were doing something that was fraught with life threatening danger.  

Their computer had already indicated an overload so Armstrong had taken over manual control, but their voices were steady, unruffled and calm. The point is that you could hear them.  A few feet below them was a 10,000 lb. thrust rocket engine - the same power as the engine used on a Harrier Jump Jet.  All rockets when firing are noisy and cause considerable vibrations which would be transmitted throughout the LM.  

The astronauts could not have been wearing their space suits, the small control buttons and switches on the LM control panel could not be operated safely when wearing gauntlets, so the cabin of the LM had to have been pressurised.  Sound travels in an atmosphere, but no hint of the rocket motor is heard on their commentary nor is there any sign that they were doing something where their lives could end at any time.  Certainly they were highly trained and the 'best of the best' in terms of their ability to operate under adverse conditions but they were still human.

There were numerous occasions when the Apollo astronauts conducted training and simulations exercises of all the operations they were expecting to carry out.  These simulations, in real time, were recorded and filmed for future reference and debriefings.  There was nothing secret about these training exercises, in fact a life size replica of part of the Sea of Tranquillity was built at Flagstaff AZ and was featured on the BBC TV series The Planets.


5. LM

The shape of the LM was, to put it mildly, odd: lots of flat panels and sharp corners.  Yet it had to withstand an internal pressure of 5psi in the vacuum of space.  Compared to the loading limits in a modern warehouse at 200 lb/sq ft the pressure inside the LM was over 700 lb/sq ft, using just thin aluminium sheets and ribs.  The LM did not have to be aerodynamic to operate in space but its bug like shape really stretches logic to its limits.  A better shape would have been a sphere, similar to that being proposed by the Russians.

The launch of the LM from the lunar surface was filmed from the TV camera on the lunar rover, remotely operated from Houston.  Aside from there being a 2.5 second time delay in signals to and from the Moon, the LM is seen to take off and the camera pans upwards to follow it as it returns to the CSM orbiting above.

Initially there is a blast from the explosive bolts separating the 2 sections of the LM then presumably the ascent engine fires.  It would be reasonable to expect that a rocket engine when ignited would produce at the very least some form of heat source visible from below as well as some exhaust gas.  But nothing is seen coming from the LM. No flame or visible heat from the rocket and no exhaust gas.

The fuel used in both stages of the LM was hypergolic.  There are 2 components stored in separate tanks which ignite on contact without external aid. They are:  Nitrogen Tetroxide, the oxidiser and Aerozene-50 (a blend of hydrazine and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine) the fuel.  These are the same components used today in the Space Shuttle manoeuvring systems.  Flames can clearly be seen whenever the Shuttle thrusters are fired in space, so the question which must be asked is why there is nothing visible at all when the ascent stage of the LM was fired and then tracked upwards on TV.


6. The Rocks.

Much is made of the rocks as evidence that Apollo went to the Moon and returned with 342 kilos of Moon rock.  Many universities around the world examined these 'rocks' and reported in various detailed technical summaries their findings.  I have read some of these reports.  What is not so widely known is that each team received just a small sample of dust weighing a few grams.  It was received from NASA in a box marked Moon Rock, and NASA also paid for the research time and facilities used.  At least 275 kilos of the Apollo rocks are still locked in the vaults at Houston and has never seen the light of day.  Close examination of some of the many meteorites recovered from Antarctica has shown their origin as being from outside earth such as the one supposedly showing fossilised 'life' from Mars.

It is not disputed that the Russians did successfully send unmanned craft to the Moon which returned with a total of 300 grams of lunar material.  Much of the evidence for the differences between Moon rock and Earth rock could very well have a scientific basis.  It is just possible that the material examined was Russian and not American.


7.  Where are all the Lunar Rovers?

This was the title of an article in the UK Sunday Times, by journalist and presenter, Jeremy Clarkson.  It is a good question.  There are no independently verifiable pictures of any of the 6 landers, 3 rovers or any of the other equipment supposedly left on the Moon by the Apollo programme.  There are no pictures taken from the orbiting CSM of the LMs showing a before and after image of the LM on the surface.  None from the Clementine satellite.  None from Hubble.  None from any ground based telescopes.  In fact there is nothing to show any landings on the lunar surface ever took place....except that offered by NASA.

Note: The paragraph above was written before the LRO pictures were taken in 2010.  They purport to show the lower section of the Lunar Landers remaining on the Moon, and evidence of some activity nearby. 

The remarkably poor quality of these images, given the technological advances in the intervening 40 years since the Lunar Orbiter pictures, is hardly the convincing endorsement which NASA presumably intended them to be.  The Curiosity Rover on Mars is producing far more impressive photographs, as is the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

It is now 45 years since Apollo 11, and since Apollo 17 in 1972 no-one has been near the Moon again.  It really is not very far away (compared to Mars) and if Apollo was such a straightforward exercise using the technology of the 1960s it is most surprising that nothing has been planned since.  It is rather like Christopher Columbus coming back from rediscovering America in 1492 and everyone else then saying, "Oh well, now that Chris has been there's not much point in anyone else going.  Nothing new to find.  Let's all stay at home and watch the Inquisition."  We know that is not what happened: within 30 years the Spanish had taken control of Central America.  What is different about humans going to the Moon?

So why didn't the Russians blow the whistle?  That is the question I am asked most often when I give public presentations of this material. Who in the Soviet space programme would have had, not only the technical knowledge to know that what was broadcast by the USA was more than likely to be a fabrication, but also the political access to the Politburo of the time and be able to persuade them of this information?  The communist system of government was very different from the democracies of the West.  What would they have said?

Since the fall of the Soviet Union much uncensored information has flowed in both directions.  Several Russian scientists have already questioned aspects of the Apollo program.  Such as the ability of the Saturn V rockets to carry the declared payloads into space and on to the Moon.  And the real problems identified with parallax in the Apollo 15 pictures which appear to indicate distant mountains are mere meters away not kilometres  (see the aulis website for the detailed papers).

Sergei Korolev, the 'Chief Designer' behind the success of so much of what had already taken place, had died suddenly in 1966.  The whole Soviet space programme was now stalled and riven with competing factions trying to gain ascendancy.  No-one had reached the top.  Most likely there was no-one in a position to argue the fairly detailed case for there being a fraud committed on the whole world.  Possibly the Soviets were fully aware that their own cosmonauts' deaths in orbit and serious doubts and questions about Yuri Gagarins' flight would be brought to the world's attention if they 'blew the whistle' on the Americans.

It should also be recalled that during the late 1960s the Soviet wheat harvest had failed for 2 years due to drought.  The USA supplied the USSR with 25 million tons of wheat each year to ensure a regular source of basic food.  Without doubt a very generous gesture, but could it have come with a hidden price?

A better question would be: why did no-one in the West blow the whistle?  Why did no photographer come forward to question the pictures?  Why did no scientist come forward to question the ability of humans to survive the dangers of radiation in deep space with no evident protection?  They had access to newspapers and television. The answer is that many people have questioned much of the Apollo programme but no-one really wanted to believe that they had been seriously misled so any doubts tend to be ignored and dismissed.  Now that the emotion of the event has passed we can examine the details of Apollo dispassionately, and hopefully more objectively.


Moon landings - Summary.

None of the above 'proves' that no-one went to, landed and walked on the Moon.  It just questions whether the way in which we have all been told the Apollo landings happened actually took place exactly the way NASA claims they did.

At best what might have happened is that everything we have been told is true: Apollo was launched, went into lunar orbit, LM landed, astronauts get out, walk about, take pictures and go home. The pictures are developed; but they are all fogged and useless.  Someone might have then said, "S**t, we forgot about the radiation!  Hey, you remember those pictures we did on the training exercises.  Let's use those. No-one else has been to the Moon.  No-one will know the difference."  If that is what happened I have no problem with it as an explanation, if that was what we had been told.  But we were told all the pictures were taken on the lunar surface.  I contend they could not have been for the reasons listed above.

At worst, all the Apollo craft were launched just as we witnessed, went into earth orbit and stayed there, for however long the mission lasted.  Then returned by splashdown as recorded.  All the 'missions' were transmitted using the simulation exercise recordings intercut with some 'live' chat from the named astronauts in their CSMs and LMs.

I contend that at most 50 people would have had knowledge of such a possible deception at the time.  All the astronauts were military men, including Armstrong, and would have been bound by their oaths of office for life.  They will not let each other down, so none of them will break ranks.  The esprit de corps and integrity of all US military personnel is such that when their Commander-in-Chief, The President, gives the order to jump their only question will be, " How high, Sir?"  (Richard Nixon was US President at the time of the Apollo Moon Landings).

We only have the word of NASA that what we heard and saw from Apollo was an accurate and faithful record of the events of Apollo as they occurred live on TV and subsequently were published in books and magazines around the world.  I have examined all the evidence available to me and have tried to reach a conclusion based on the circumstances and technology known to have been used.

To date there is only one conclusion I can draw: it is beyond reasonable doubt that some manipulation of the Apollo record has occurred.




MH-17 Was in Fact the 'Lost' Flight MH-370

Photoshopping in windows where there weren’t any, and U.S. satellite images show Ukrainian troops shooting down the plane that was presented to us as MH17. http://humansarefree.com/2014/07/busted-mh-17-was-in-fact-lost-flight-mh.html



Fracking: More Protection for National Parks

Fracking will be allowed in national parks and areas of outstanding beauty only in "exceptional circumstances", ministers say, as new bidding for shale exploration licences opens. The policy is part of new guidance published by Government which is aiming to offer up vast swathes of Britain for fracking.

The Government has committed to going "all out for shale", claiming development of the gas and oil resource is needed to improve energy security, and boost jobs and the economy. But opponents say the high-pressure injection of water risks polluting water supplies, damaging the environment and causing minor earthquakes, and argue further fossil fuels should not be extracted due to climate change.



Fracking: Matthew Hancock fails to name a single village that supports it

Matthew Hancock, the new energy minister, said that exploring for shale gas had to be carried out in a “sensitive way” to reassure concerned communities while companies work out how much gas will be accessible.

Speaking on the BBC’s Today programme Mr Hancock said it was “not quite right” that there is widespread disagreement over the fracking process. Although there were was “local opposition”, Mr Hancock said, there was broad support for the need for better energy security. He told Today: “We’ve got to get that balance right between being sensitive on the one hand and making sure we do explore for what could be a very positive impact on the nation.” However asked to name a single community that is “welcoming the frackers in” he changed the subject.



NHS 'Is Being Sold Off Without Permission'

Labour accused David Cameron of selling off the NHS without permission and demanded a halt to privatisation until after the general election. Shadow health secretary Andy Burnham insisted that forced privatisation is being pushed through "at pace and scale". He warned that contracts are being signed now which will bind the next government. Mr Burnham also claimed the Prime Minister was "not up front" about his intentions for reform during the 2010 campaign, leaving voters with no say.

Since the Health and Social Care Act was introduced, the bidding for two contracts for cancer care in Staffordshire has been opened up to the private sector. The contracts are worth a total of £1.2bn and last for 10 years. Bids have also been invited for a five-year contract worth £800m for the care of older people in Cambridge.



NHS Hospital Paid £1,800 A Day For Nurse

NHS hospitals are so short staffed on public holidays they are paying almost £150 an hour for nurses to work, a Sky News investigation has found. On May Day Bank Holiday this year a locum agency was paid more than £1,800 to supply a nurse for a 12-hour shift, new figures show. And one hospital paid £2,500 for a doctor to work that day.

The statistics - obtained through a Freedom of Information request - lay bare how much the NHS is relying on private locum staff on public holidays. In one hospital, half of the doctors who worked on May 5 were locum medics. And at another, almost one third of the nursing staff was supplied by a private agency. Experts say that using locum staff unfamiliar with the hospitals they are working in can put patient care at risk.



HSBC closes some Muslim groups' accounts

HSBC bank has written to Finsbury Park Mosque and other Muslim organisations in the UK to tell them that their accounts will be closed. The reason given in some cases was that to continue providing services would be outside the bank's "risk appetite". The wife and teenage children of a man who runs a London based Islamic think tank have also been contacted.

HSBC said decisions to close accounts were "absolutely not based on race or religion. We do not discuss relationships we may or may not have with a customer, nor confirm whether an individual or business is, or has been a customer. Discrimination against customers on grounds of race or religion is immoral, unacceptable and illegal, and HSBC has comprehensive rules and policies in place to ensure race or religion are never factors in banking decisions."

The bank said it was "applying a programme of strategic assessments to all of its businesses" after a $1.9bn fine in 2012 over poor money-laundering controls. "As a result of these ongoing reviews, we have exited relationships with business and personal customers in over 70 countries. The services we provide to charities are no exception to this global review," the bank added.



Mysterious Crop Circle Appears In Wheat Field

A mysterious giant crop circle has appeared overnight in a field belonging to a German farmer. It has attracted thousands of visitors from far and wide who have flocked to the scene to sing, dance and meditate within the ornate design. One observer said: "I believe you can only rule out, you can only ask yourself, what can be definitely ruled out as a cause for this. The newspapers are reporting that it was college students who raked the field, but when you see the elaborate design of the circles from above, that seems very unlikely. Those circles are looking very good."

Another visitor added: "I think it's almost impossible for this to appear overnight, and to do it in such an exact and precise manner. How is this possible?" Measuring 75 metres in diameter (246 feet), it was discovered by a balloonist flying over the wheat field near Weilheim. Farmer Christoph Huttner, who owns the field, told the DPA news agency it was not his creation, but may have been the work of students on summer holiday. He added he was unsure whether he would be keeping the crop circle.

Strange that Sky reports on something happening in Germany rather than the dozens of crop circles this year alone in the UK...




Woman arrested after posting photo of George Osborne at Dominatrix’s flat

Natalie Rowe was arrested today after posting a photograph on Twitter of chancellor George Osborne at her flat when she worked as a madame at an escort agency. Natalie’s home was also searched last year by police after she tried to publish her memoirs in which she mentions Osborne took cocaine and used her services as a dominatrix called Chief Whip: Memoirs of a Dominatrix.  Of course this could all be coincidence. Or perhaps more that our police are being used to protect politicians’ reputations rather than catching criminals?



Prince Philip's Former Aide On Sex Charge

Benjamin Herman, 79, is accused of three indecent assaults against the child, who was aged around 12 at the time, between 1972 and 1974. During this time Herman served as the Philip's equerry, or personal assistant. A spokesman for the Crown Prosecution Service said Herman will appear at Wimbledon Magistrates Court on Monday.



Chris Spivey ILLEGALLY arrested

Chris was ILLEGALLY arrested with a warrant for harassment , now not being privy to the so called warrant if it’s not a wet signature and also if it’s not issued under oath it is an unlawful document and as such he has been illegally detained under false pretences, nothing new there then .




We’ll be taking a Summer Break on 8 August and 15 August. And then, 22 August, plans are afoot for us to be live at the Peterborough Beer Festival. Be afraid, be VERY afraid!

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